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Gene : AVP Homo sapiens

Name  ? arginine vasopressin Cytological Location  20p13
Brief Description  arginine vasopressin
description  This gene encodes a member of the vasopressin/oxytocin family and preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate multiple protein products. These products include the neuropeptide hormone arginine vasopressin, and two other peptides, neurophysin 2 and copeptin. Arginine vasopressin is a posterior pituitary hormone that is synthesized in the supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. Along with its carrier protein, neurophysin 2, it is packaged into neurosecretory vesicles and transported axonally to the nerve endings in the neurohypophysis where it is either stored or secreted into the bloodstream. The precursor is thought to be activated while it is being transported along the axon to the posterior pituitary. Arginine vasopressin acts as a growth factor by enhancing pH regulation through acid-base transport systems. It has a direct antidiuretic action on the kidney, and also causes vasoconstriction of the peripheral vessels. This hormone can contract smooth muscle during parturition and lactation. It is also involved in cognition, tolerance, adaptation and complex sexual and maternal behaviour, as well as in the regulation of water excretion and cardiovascular functions. Mutations in this gene cause autosomal dominant neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (ADNDI). This gene is present in a gene cluster with the related gene oxytocin on chromosome 20. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]
  • synonyms:
  • neurohypophyseal,
  • copeptin,
  • ADH,
  • M25647,
  • neurophysin II,
  • ARVP,
  • OTTHUMG00000031733,
  • uc002whu.3,
  • prepro-AVP-NP II,
  • HGNC:894,
  • prepro-arginine-vasopressin-neurophysin II,
  • AVP-NPII,
  • AVRP,
  • NM_000490,
  • ARVP,
  • AVP,
  • diabetes insipidus,
  • ADH,
  • antidiuretic hormone,
  • VP
  • identifiers:
  • 551,
  • ENSG00000101200,
  • AVP

Genome feature

Region: gene ? Length: 10966  
Location: 20:3082556-3093521 reverse strand Cyto location: 20p13


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1 Diseases

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5 Cross References

18 Data Sets

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0 Located Features

90 Rna Seq Results