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Gene : POMC Homo sapiens

Name  ? proopiomelanocortin Cytological Location  2p23.3
Brief Description  proopiomelanocortin
description  This gene encodes a preproprotein that undergoes extensive, tissue-specific, post-translational processing via cleavage by subtilisin-like enzymes known as prohormone convertases. There are eight potential cleavage sites within the preproprotein and, depending on tissue type and the available convertases, processing may yield as many as ten biologically active peptides involved in diverse cellular functions. The encoded protein is synthesized mainly in corticotroph cells of the anterior pituitary where four cleavage sites are used; adrenocorticotrophin, essential for normal steroidogenesis and the maintenance of normal adrenal weight, and lipotropin beta are the major end products. In other tissues, including the hypothalamus, placenta, and epithelium, all cleavage sites may be used, giving rise to peptides with roles in pain and energy homeostasis, melanocyte stimulation, and immune modulation. These include several distinct melanotropins, lipotropins, and endorphins that are contained within the adrenocorticotrophin and beta-lipotropin peptides. The antimicrobial melanotropin alpha peptide exhibits antibacterial and antifungal activity. Mutations in this gene have been associated with early onset obesity, adrenal insufficiency, and red hair pigmentation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
  • synonyms:
  • POC,
  • POC,
  • ACTH,
  • LPH,
  • CLIP,
  • beta-lipotropin,
  • MSH,
  • LPH,
  • POMC,
  • uc002rga.2,
  • NM_001035256,
  • NPP,
  • NPP,
  • adrenocorticotropic hormone,
  • adrenocorticotropin,
  • beta-endorphin,
  • ACTH,
  • OTTHUMG00000094764,
  • CLIP,
  • OBAIRH,
  • HGNC:9201,
  • alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone,
  • opiomelanocortin prepropeptide,
  • MSH,
  • beta-melanocyte stimulating hormone
  • identifiers:
  • 5443,
  • ENSG00000115138,
  • POMC

Genome feature

Region: gene ? Length: 7999  
Location: 2:25160853-25168851 reverse strand Cyto location: 2p23.3


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Disease

2 Diseases

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492 SN Ps

5 Cross References

19 Data Sets

4 Homologues

0 Located Features

90 Rna Seq Results