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Gene : CRYBA1 Homo sapiens

Name  ? crystallin beta A1 Cytological Location  17q11.2
Brief Description  crystallin beta A1
description  Crystallins are separated into two classes: taxon-specific, or enzyme, and ubiquitous. The latter class constitutes the major proteins of vertebrate eye lens and maintains the transparency and refractive index of the lens. Since lens central fiber cells lose their nuclei during development, these crystallins are made and then retained throughout life, making them extremely stable proteins. Mammalian lens crystallins are divided into alpha, beta, and gamma families; beta and gamma crystallins are also considered as a superfamily. Alpha and beta families are further divided into acidic and basic groups. Seven protein regions exist in crystallins: four homologous motifs, a connecting peptide, and N- and C-terminal extensions. Beta-crystallins, the most heterogeneous, differ by the presence of the C-terminal extension (present in the basic group, none in the acidic group). Beta-crystallins form aggregates of different sizes and are able to self-associate to form dimers or to form heterodimers with other beta-crystallins. This gene, a beta acidic group member, encodes two proteins (crystallin, beta A3 and crystallin, beta A1) from a single mRNA, the latter protein is 17 aa shorter than crystallin, beta A3 and is generated by use of an alternate translation initiation site. Deletion of exons 3 and 4 causes the autosomal dominant disease 'zonular cataract with sutural opacities'. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
  • synonyms:
  • CTRCT10,
  • CRYBA1,
  • crystallin, beta A1,
  • eye lens structural protein,
  • NM_005208,
  • uc002hdw.4,
  • OTTHUMG00000132729,
  • CRYB1,
  • HGNC:2394,
  • CRYB1
  • identifiers:
  • 1411,
  • ENSG00000108255,
  • CRYBA1

Genome feature

Region: gene ? Length: 7638  
Location: 17:29246857-29254494 Cyto location: 17q11.2


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Mouse Gene --> Allele [Phenotype]

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Disease

1 Diseases

Gene (Hum OR Rat) --> Mouse Allele (Phenotype)

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Mouse Gene --> Allele [Phenotype]

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0 Pathways

32 SN Ps

5 Cross References

19 Data Sets

20 Homologues

0 Located Features

90 Rna Seq Results