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Pathway : Phototransduction

Identifier  04744 Description  Phototransduction is a biochemical process by which the photoreceptor cells generate electrical signals in response to captured photons The vertebrate cascade starts with the absorption of photons by the photoreceptive pigments, the rhodopsins, which consist of a membrane embedded chromophore, 11-cis-retinal, and a G-protein-coupled receptor, opsin The photon isomerizes 11-cis-retinal to all-trans-retinal which induces a structural change that activates the opsin This triggers hydrolysis of cGMP by activating a transducinphosphodiesterase 6 PDE6 cascade, which results in closure of the cGMP-gated cation channels CNG in the plasma membrane and membrane hyperpolarization The hyperpolarization of the membrane potential of the photoreceptor cell modulates the release of neurotransmitters to downstream cells Recovery from light involves the deactivation of the light- activated intermediates: photolyzed rhodopsin is phosphorylated by rhodopsin kinase RK and subsequently capped off by arrestin; GTP-binding transducin alpha subunit deactivates through a process that is stimulated by RGS9

1 Data Sets

57 Genes

0 Proteins