help  | about  | cite  | software

Gene : GPX1 Homo sapiens

Name  ? glutathione peroxidase 1 Cytological Location  3p21.31
Brief Description  glutathione peroxidase 1
Description  The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the glutathione peroxidase family, members of which catalyze the reduction of organic hydroperoxides and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by glutathione, and thereby protect cells against oxidative damage. Other studies indicate that H2O2 is also essential for growth-factor mediated signal transduction, mitochondrial function, and maintenance of thiol redox-balance; therefore, by limiting H2O2 accumulation, glutathione peroxidases are also involved in modulating these processes. Several isozymes of this gene family exist in vertebrates, which vary in cellular location and substrate specificity. This isozyme is the most abundant, is ubiquitously expressed and localized in the cytoplasm, and whose preferred substrate is hydrogen peroxide. It is also a selenoprotein, containing the rare amino acid selenocysteine (Sec) at its active site. Sec is encoded by the UGA codon, which normally signals translation termination. The 3' UTRs of selenoprotein mRNAs contain a conserved stem-loop structure, designated the Sec insertion sequence (SECIS) element, that is necessary for the recognition of UGA as a Sec codon, rather than as a stop signal. This gene contains an in-frame GCG trinucleotide repeat in the coding region, and three alleles with 4, 5 or 6 repeats have been found in the human population. The allele with 4 GCG repeats has been significantly associated with breast cancer risk in premenopausal women. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. Pseudogenes of this locus have been identified on chromosomes X and 21. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
  • synonyms:
  • NM_000581,
  • uc021wxw.2,
  • GPX1,
  • GPXD,
  • GSHPX1,
  • OTTHUMG00000156837,
  • HGNC:4553
  • identifiers:
  • 2876,
  • ENSG00000233276,
  • GPX1

Genome feature

Region: gene ? Length: 1430  
Location: 3:49357171-49358600 reverse strand Cyto location: 3p21.31


Uni Prot Comments Displayer

Protein Atlas Displayer

Gene Expression Atlas Tissues Displayer

Gene Expression Atlas Diseases Displayer

Publication Counts Displayer

Curated Proteins Displayer

Function

Gene Ontology Displayer

Gene --> GO terms.

Gene -> HPO annotation (Human Phenotype Ontology)

Mouse Gene --> Allele [Phenotype]

Genomics

J Browse Displayer

Gene Structure Displayer

Overlapping Features Displayer

Mouse Alleles Displayer

Gene --> Chromosomal location.

Gene --> GO terms.

Gene --> Overlapping genes.

Proteins

Gene --> Proteins.

SNPs

Gene Report --> GWAS hit

Disease

1 Diseases

Gene (Hum OR Rat) --> Mouse Allele (Phenotype)

Gene --> Alleles and Disease (clinVar data)

Gene -> HPO annotation (Human Phenotype Ontology)

Mouse Gene --> Allele [Phenotype]

Homology

Homologue Displayer

Gene --> Orthologues

Interactions

Cytoscape Network Displayer

Gene --> Physical and Genetic Interactions

Expression

Gene(s) --> Significant SNPs (GTex data)

Gene Ontology

Gene --> GO terms.

 

Other

3756 SN Ps

5 Cross References

16 Data Sets

14 Homologues

0 Located Features

54 Rna Seq Results